abessive case
Definition - A grammatical case that expresses the lack or absence of the marked referent.

Notes:
1. In English this is expressed by the preposition without or by the suffix less.
2. The name abessive is normally used with reference to Finno-Ugric languages; whereas its synonym caritive is used when referring to Caucasian languages.

Example -
In Finnish the abessive case is marked by -tta for back vowels, e.g. raha (money) and rahatta (without money).

Etymology -
The term derives from the Latin abesse, to be distant.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1890:
"The comitative and abessive express respectively the presence and absence of an object."
(C. N. E. Eliot Finnish Gram. 132)



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