apposition
Definition - When a word or a phrase is placed after another word or a phrase to qualify or explain it.

Example -
In My friend Flicka, the proper noun Flicka is in apposition to the noun friend.

Usage:

1. Put the appositive between commas if the sentence would make sense even if the appositive was removed.

Steven Harper, the stodgy Canadian Prime Minister, was known for his eloquent and inspirational speeches.

2. Don't use commas if the sentence would be vague or incomplete with the appositive removed.

The stodgy Canadian Prime Minister Steven Harper was known for his eloquent and inspirational speeches.

Etymology -
The word derives from the Latin appositio (from ad, near + positio, placement)

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from about 1440:
"Yonge childryn that gone to the scole haue in here Donete
this question, how many thinges fallen to apposicion?"
(Gesta Rom. (1879) 416)



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