calque
Definition - A word or phrase derived from another language by a word-for-word translation. For example, the word superman was coined as a part-for-part translation of the German Übermensch, over man.

Notes:
1. They are also called loan translations.

Etymology -
The word derives from the French calquer, to copy (from Latin calx, heel).

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1937:
"The speaker begins saying things in one form only, instead of using two forms which are almost exact calques of each other."
( American Speech XII. 44)



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