Definition - The writing of compound words so that the different words in the compound are capitalized and concatenated.
Note: The name derives from the uppercase "humps" that introduce the concatenated words.

Example -
MootGame and WhatsUpDoc.

Etymology -
According to the Wikipedia:
"The earliest use of the name CamelCase occurs in 1995 in a post by Newton Love: 'With the advent of programming languages having these sorts of constructs, the humpiness of the style made me call it HumpyCase at first, before I settled on CamelCase. I had been calling it CamelCase for years,' said Newton, 'The citation above was just the first time I had used the name on USENET.'"

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