canonical order
Definition - The most common pattern that a language’s main sentence elements take.

For example:
(1) The canonical order in an SVO language like English is Subject (S), Verb (V), and Object (O); whereas

(2) in VSO languages, such as Arabic, the canonical order is Verb (V), Subject (S), and Object (O).

Etymology -
The word ultimately derives from the Greek canon, rule.



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