caritive case
Definition - A grammatical case that expresses the lack or absence of the marked referent.

1. In English, this is expressed by the preposition without or by the suffix less.
2. The name caritive is used when referring to Caucasian languages; whereas its synonym abessive is normally used when referring to Finno-Ugric languages.

Example -
In Finnish the case is marked by -tta for back vowels, e.g. raha (money) and rahatta (without money).

Etymology -
The term derives from the Latin carere, to lack.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1860:
"Cases are genitive, dative and the like all the world over.… The extent to which they are also caritive, adessive and the like has yet to be investigated."
(Trans. Philol. Soc. 1857 38)

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