Definition - A figure of speech where two clauses are related to each other by reversing their structures.
Note: It differs from antimetabole because the reversal does not have to use the same words.

Example -
Who dotes, yet doubts; suspects, yet strongly loves. (Othello)

Etymology -
In Greek the term means "a diagonal arrangement."

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1871:
"Frequentia sustentatur, alitur otio. This is a good instance of the … figure called chiasmus … in which the order of words in the first clause is inverted in the second."
(A. S. Wilkins Cicero agst. Cat. 138 note,)

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