corpus linguistics
Definition - The technique of studying language by analyzing a sample — called a corpus — of spoken or written text.

The Brown Corpus is an example of the kind of sample that is studied, and Zipf's law is an example of the kind of knowledge that can be derived from this type of study.

Notes:
1. The 1967 publication of Computational Analysis of Present-Day American English by Henry Kucera and W. Nelson Francis — which is based on analyzing the Brown Corpus — is a primordial landmark in corpus linguistics.



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