dangling participle
Definition - A participle that modifies a missing subject.

Example -
Arriving at the football game, the sun came out.
(The participle arriving seems to be modifying the word sun.)

Usage:

1. Clarify the sentence's meaning by inserting the missing subject.

Arriving at the football game, the sun came out. (bad)
When we arrived at the football game, the sun came out. (good)

Oxford English Dictionary -
The term's first citation is from 1909.
(Webster)



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