dative case
Definition - The case that indicates that the marked referent is the verb's indirect object.

Notes:
1. English shows this by using prepositions and word order. Highly inflected languages, such as Latin, show this by modifying word endings.

Etymology -
The word ultimately derives from the Latin datus, given (from dare, to give).
Note: According to the Online Etymology Dictionary: "The Roman convention of closing every article of correspondence by writing given and the day and month — meaning 'given to messenger' — led to date becoming a term for 'the time (and place) stated.'"

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation in this sense is from circa 1440:
"The thrid Falle is datif case, for there are some that are prowde for they mow gyve."
(Gesta Rom. xci. 416 (Add. MS.))



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