derivation
Definition -
(1) The process of creating new words out of existing ones (e.g. super + woman = superwoman).

(2) The use of affixes to create new words. For example, the suffix -ness is used to turn adjectives into nouns (e.g. quick becomes quickness).

Notes:
1. As opposed to inflection, where affixes are used to form variants of words (e.g. run becomes runs).

Etymology -
The term derives from the Latin derivare, to draw off (a stream of water) from its source (from de rivo, from steam).

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation in this sense is from 1530:
"Derivatyon or formation, that is to saye, substantyves somtyme be fourmed of other substantyves."
(Jehan Palsgrave, Lesclarcissement de la langue françoyse, 68)



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