determinative
Definition - A written symbol or word that is used to disambiguate the meaning of another written symbol or word.

Example -
In Sumerian cuneiform texts many nouns are preceded or followed by a determinative that indicates the particular semantic group that the word belongs to - e.g. a symbol will indicate that the specified word is the name of a god.

Oxford English Dictionary -
The term's first citation is from 1862:
"Very many of the native Mono-syllables are mere Determinatives."
(Marsh Eng. Lang. iv. 67)



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