emic
Definition - That which is underlying. As opposed to etic, which denotes the surface form.

For example, phonemes are emic because they are the underlying mental representation of our particular language's set of meaningful sounds, whereas phones are etic because they are the surface sounds that are actually produced when we speak.

Etymology -
According to the Wikipedia, the linguist Kenneth Pike coined both terms in 1954 by contracting phonemic and phonetic.



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