Definition - The act of saying something and then immediately rephrasing and restating it to increase its emphasis.

Example -
You, my friend, are a fool. Fool did I say? Nay. You're the fool's fool's fool.

Etymology -
The word derives from the Greek epi, in addition + ana, again + orthos, straight or correct, thus "a setting straight."

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1579:
"A prety *Epanorthosis in these two verses."
( E. K. Gloss. Spenser's Sheph. Cal. Jan. 61)

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