| Definition -
The repeating of words at the end of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences to increase emphasis.
1. In rhetoric, anaphora emphasizes words by repeating them at the beginnings of neighboring clauses, whereas epistrophe is the repeating of words at the ends of clauses.
(1) (epistrophe) When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child.
(1 Corinthians 13:11)
(2) (anaphora) Mad world! Mad kings! Mad composition!
(William Shakespeare, King John, II, i)
Etymology - In Greek the word means "a turning upon."
Oxford English Dictionary - Its first citation is from 1647:
"Feigned speeches, prosopopeias and epistrophes."
(Sprigge Anglia Rediv. (1854) Addr. 8 )