ergative–absolutive language
Definition - A language (such as Basque, Georgian, and Sumerian — but not English) in which the subject of an intransitive verb behaves like the object of a transitive verb.

To try to give an example in English: instead of saying "I moved her" (transitive) and "she moved" (intransitive), speakers of an ergative language would say something like "I moved her" and "her moved."

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