ethnonym
Definition - A name given to an ethnic group.

Notes:
1. There are two types: exonyms (where the name has been created by outsiders, e.g. English speakers call people from France The French) and autonyms (where the name has been created by the ethnic group itself, e.g. people from France call themselves Les Français).

Example -
Turks, Icelanders, and the Irish.

Etymology -
The word derives from the Greek éthnos, nation + ónoma, name.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1964:
"The Chinese knew the Oroks as ‘Oron'cho’. The etymology of this and related ethnonyms is probably derived from the Manchu and Tungus word for the domesticated reindeer—oro or oron. Names with this root usually mean ‘reindeer people’ or ‘reindeer breeders’."
(tr. Levin & Potapov's Peoples of Siberia 761)



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