Definition - Adding emphasis by using words in an unexpected order.

Example -
Size matters not! Judge me by my size, do you? (Tom Cruise)

Etymology -
The word means "overstepping" in Greek (from Greek hyper, over + bainein, to step).

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1579:
"A patheticall parenthesis, to encrease a carefull Hyperbaton."
(E. K. Gloss. Spenser's Sheph. Cal. May)

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