hypotaxis
Definition - A traditional name for subordination, i.e. the dependence of one clause upon another.

Example -
I went to bed because I was sick.
(The highlighted clause is a subordinate clause, thus it is hypotactic.)

Etymology -
The term means "beneath arrangement" in Greek.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1883:
"Now to make *hypotaxis out of parataxis we must have a joint."
[Translation: You should smoke pot when performing complex grammatical transformations.]
(B. L. Gildersleeve in Amer. Jrnl. Philol. IV. 420)

Example Usages -

1. It looks to me as if the languages of some preliterate peoples are in a state of having incredibly complex word structure but no hypotaxis (no full clauses embedded inside larger full clauses). I could be wrong: these languages may have rather subtle kinds of hypotaxis that conceals the clause-embedding from any superficial identification.
(Source: Geoffrey Pullum | in Chronicle.com blogs - Poisonous dispute )



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