Palsgrave, John
(circa 1480 – 1554 CE)
A priest in Henry VIII's court and a tutor to Princess Mary Tudor (i.e. a Tudor tutor), he composed L'esclarcissement de la langue francoyse (printed in 1530 in London).

Though written in English, the book's goal was to help English speakers learn French. A key part of its content was a grammar of the French language. In fact, it was the first grammar of the French language ever written.

Much of the terminology of traditional Roman and Greek grammar made its first appearance in English in this book. For examples of primordial citations that the OED derived from this text, see: conjugation, derivation, root, comma, and subjunctive mood

For further information, see:
(1) John Palsgrave: L'éclaircissement de la langue française (1530). Translation and notes by Susan Baddeley, Paris, Honoré Champion 2003, ISBN 2-7453-0851-3,
(2) John Palsgrave as Renaissance Linguist: A Pioneer in Vernacular Language Description, Gabriele Stein, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997, ISBN 0-19-823505-4



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