Definition - A word taken directly from another language.

1. As opposed to a loan translation, which is a word derived from another language through a part-for-part translation, and a loan blend, which is a word that was coined by combining a foreign word with a native word.
2. The different stages of loanword assimilation are designated by the terms Gaswort, Fremdvort, and Lenvort.

Example -
The word wigwam is an Algonquian word that directly entered English in the 17th century.

Etymology -
The term loanword was coined as a loan translation of the German Lehnwort.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1874:
"*Loan-words are common to all dialects."
Note: evidently the term loanword entered English before the term loan translation; the latter's first citation is from 1933.
(Sayce, Comparative Philology, volume 171)

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