Definition - Any word, phrase, or clause which modifies another word, phrase, or clause.

Example -
The word big in the phrase the big dog.

Etymology -
The word derives from the Latin modificare, to limit or restrain (from the Latin modus, measure).

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation in this sense is from 1865:
"A third construction [sc. of sentences] is common…; the modifier after the modified."
(Tylor Early Hist. Man. ii. 26 )

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