morphology
Definition - The branch of grammar that studies the formation and structure of words, i.e. it is the study of how morphemes work.

Notes:
1. As opposed to syntax, which is the study of the arrangement of groups of words such as phrases, clauses, and sentences.
2. There are two types: inflectional morphology, the study of inflections, and lexical morphology, the study of word formation.

Etymology -
The word derives from the Greek morphe, form or shape + ology, study of.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation in this sense is from 1869:
"By the morphology of a language we mean the general laws of its grammatical structure."
(Farrar Fam. Speech iv. 118)



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