nasal
Definition - A type of consonant that is created by blocking the mouth with the tongue or lips, lowering the soft palate, and allowing the air to come out through the nose.

Notes:
1. Vowels can be nasalised by allowing some air to come out through the nose and mouth at the same time.

Example -
The [m] in mouse and the [n] in nose are nasals.

Etymology -
The word derives via French from the Latin nasus, nose.
Note: Ultimately it derives from the PIE *nas- (cf. the Sanskrit nasa, the Old Church Slavonic nasu, and the Lithuanian nosis).

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1669:
"In attempting to pronounce these two Consonants, as likewise the Nasals, and some of the vowels."
(Holder Elem. Speech 59 )



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