nominative case
Definition - The grammatical case that indicates the subject of the verb.

Notes:
1. English normally expresses this with word order. In highly inflected languages, such as Latin, this is shown by modifying word endings.

Example -
In the sentence Bob ate Dick, the word order tells us that Bob is the subject and Dick is the object.

Etymology -
The word derives via Middle French from the Latin nominativus, pertaining to naming.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1387:
"Þat ylond of Ynde hatte Tilis in þe nomenatyf caas; and þe ilond of occean hatte Tyle in þe nominatyf caas."
(Trevisa Higden (Rolls) I. 327 )



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