| Definition -
(1) Ancient writing.
(2) The study of ancient writing and inscriptions.
1. A piece of ancient writing is called a palæograph.
2. Someone who studies it is called a palæographer.
Example - The deciphering of the Rosetta stone.
Etymology - The term, which means "old writing" in Latin, derives from the title of a book by Montfaucon, Palæographia Græca (1708), one of the field's foundational texts.
Oxford English Dictionary - Its first citation for sense (1) is from 1822:
"Dr. Young…whose acuteness and learning seem calculated to subdue the difficulties of Palæography."
(Q. Rev. XXVI. 195)
Its first citation in sense (2) is from 1818.