paralanguage
Definition - The non-phonemic but vocal aspects of speech, such as voice tone and speech tempo, that are used to enhance communication.

Notes:
1. Some authorities also include gestures and facial expressions as part of its purview.

Example -

(1) What do you want? (the tone indicates a question)
(2) What do you #$@$#$ want! (the tone indicates anger)

Etymology -
According to G. L. Trager in Studies in Linguistics XIII, the term was suggested by A. A. Hill. It derives from the Greek para, beside + language.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1958:
"The vocalizations and voice qualities together are being called paralanguage (a term suggested by A. A. Hill)."
(G. L. Trager in Studies in Linguistics XIII. 4 )



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