The part of the neck and throat immediately behind the mouth and nasal cavity that is important for vocalization.

The parts of the pharynx.
The parts of the pharynx.

1. Because it is part of the human digestive and respiratory system, both food and air pass through it.
2. A flap of tissue called the epiglottis closes over the trachea when food is swallowed to prevent choking or aspiration.

Etymology -
The word derives from the Greek pharynx, windpipe or throat.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1693:
"Pharynx, the upper part of the Gullet, consisting of Three pair of Muscles."
(tr. Blancard's Phys. Dict. (ed. 2))

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