pictogram
Definition - A symbol that looks like the thing it represents. For example, using a drawing of a dog to represent the concept dog.
Note: This is in contrast to logograms, which are symbols that don't resemble the thing they represent. For example, using $ to represent the dollar.

Example -

Pictograms from 1510 showing the story of the arrival of missionaries in Hispaniola.
Pictograms from 1510 showing the story
of the arrival of missionaries in Hispaniola.



Etymology -
The word derives from the Latin pictus, painted + gram, what is written.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1910:
"The primitive characters or ‘pictograms’ … afford unmistakable evidence as to the ideas which existed long anterior to the time of Confucius."
(Encycl. Relig. & Ethics III. 549/2 )



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