pleonastic subject
Definition - The use of words like it and there in sentences that syntactically require a subject, even though the idea being expressed doesn't have a subject.

For example, in the sentence It is raining there is no "it" that is doing the raining.

Notes:
1. The same usage exists in French where they say Il pleut (it is raining), but not in Spanish where they say llueve (raining).



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