| Definition -
The tense that is primarily concerned with states, events, and actions that are happening at the time the statement is written or spoken.
1. There are several types: simple present, present continuous, present perfect, and present perfect continuous
2. It can also be used to express the future (e.g. We go to Nanaimo tomorrow).
(1) He writes (simple present)
(2) He is writing (present continuous)
(3) He has written (present perfect)
(4) He has been writing (present perfect continuous)
Oxford English Dictionary - The term's first citation is from 1388:
"A participl of a present tens … may be resoluid into a verbe of the same tens, and a coniunccion copulatif."
(Wyclif Prol. xv. 57)