privative case
Definition - A grammatical case that expresses the lack or absence of the marked referent.

Notes:
1. In English, this is expressed by the preposition without or by the suffix less.
2. Its synonym caritive case is used when referring to Caucasian languages; whereas the synonym abessive case is normally used when referring to Finno-Ugric languages.

Example -
In Finnish, this case (more properly called the abessive case) is marked by -tta for back vowels, e.g. raha (money) and rahatta (without money).

Etymology -
The term derives from the Latin privare, to deprive.



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