Definition - A word (or a phrase) like few or little that shows how much or how many of something there are.

Example -
How many girls were there? A few.

Etymology -
The word derives from the Medieval Latin quantificare (from the Latin quantus, how much + facere, to make).

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from 1924:
"All these quantifiers, as they might be called, differ from ordinary qualifying adjectives in being capable of standing alone … as when we say ‘some (many, all, both, two) were absent’."
(O. Jespersen Philos. Gram. vi. 85)

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