| Definition -
The borrowing of semantic meaning from another language, i.e. , the word in the borrowing language already exists but an additional meaning is borrowed from another language and added to this word's existing set of meanings.
For example, the English verb to realise means both "to make something become true" and "to become aware of something." The German verb realisieren originally just meant "to make something become true"; however, German later borrowed the second meaning "to become aware of something" from English and attached it to the existing word; this second meaning thus becomes a semantic loan.