| Definition -
(Aka Subject-Object-Verb language)
In the classification of languages (i.e. linguistic typology), SOV denotes a type of language whose sentence structure — for the most part — follows the pattern subject-object-verb.
For example, if English were SOV, then "Pete cigarettes smokes" would be an ordinary sentence. However, English is an SVO language (subject-verb-object), so we say "Pete smokes cigarettes."
1. Some example SOV languages are Hindi, Japanese, Korean, Persian, Sanskrit, Turkish, and Urdu
2. Among natural languages with a word order preference, SOV is the most common followed by SVO — the two accounting for more than 75% of natural languages.