suprafix
Definition -
1. A type of affix that consists of suprasegmental features, e.g. a stress or tone pattern.

2. A type of affix where a change of tone or stress modifies an existing word's meaning. For example, the creation of nouns by changing the pronunciation of an existing word: the noun próduce (vegetables or fruit) was coined as an initially stressed version of the verb prodúce (create or bring forth).

Oxford English Dictionary -
The term's first citation is from 1949:
"Suprafixes are morphemes which consist wholly of suprasegmental phonemes and which are added to the root or stem. …."
(E. A. Nida Morphol. (ed. 2) iii. 69)



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1. As the OED quote shows, the primary meaning of suprafix is: "a type of affix that consists of suprasegmental features, e.g. a stress or tone pattern". The use of suprafix for a *change* of tone or stress is a later development.
(mugdan atuni-muenster.de)



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