Definition - The performing of syncope, the contraction of the middle of a word.

Example -
Saying e'er instead of ever.

Etymology -
The word derives via Late Latin from the Greek synkope, contraction of a word (from syn, together or thoroughly + koptein, to cut).

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation is from circa 1532:
"Syncopation is none other thyng by abreviation of length."
(G. Du Wes Introd. Fr. in Palsgr. 898)

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