umlaut(¨)
Definition - A diacritic consisting of a pair of dots placed over a letter, e.g. ä, ö, and ü.

Notes:
1. The umlaut is rare in English; however, its frequency of pseudo-use is increasing because of band-naming trends in the Heavy Metal community (see Heavy Metal Umlaut).

Example -
Chloë (pronounced: 'kloh - ee)

Usage:

1. When the vowel is an i, the diacritic replaces the tittle.

Etymology -
In German it literally means "change of sound" (from um, about + laut, sound). The German term was coined in 1774 by the poet Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (1724-1803). However, its modern, phonetic sense was first used 1819 by the linguist Jacob Grimm (1785-1863). The first OED citation for the word in this sense is from 1844.

Oxford English Dictionary -
The first citation for the word in its punctuation sense is from 1938:
"The so-called modified vowels are distinguished by the modification mark or umlaut(¨) on the vowel."
(H. Faulk Common-Sense German Course 3)



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