uncial
Definition - A majuscule script with rounded, separated letters that was used between the third and the eighth centuries CE by Latin and Greek scribes.

Notes:
1. Modern capital letters were derived from this script.

Example -

The Book of Kells (c. AD 800) showing text from the Gospel of John. The script is a type of uncial script called insular majuscule.
The Book of Kells (c. AD 800) showing text from the Gospel of John. The script is a type of uncial script called insular majuscule.


Etymology -
The word derives from the Latin uncialis, of an inch or of an ounce (from uncia, a twelfth part). Some claim that it originally denoted "letters an inch long," but no one can prove this.

Oxford English Dictionary -
Its first citation in this sense is from 1712:
"The Book is writ in the Oblong uncial Character."
(Henley's translation of Montfaucon's Travels in Italy (ii. 19))



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